Bast the Egyptian goddess of Sun, Protection and Joy
In Ancient Egyptian history. Bast the Egyptian goddess was a fierce lioness goddess protector of the pharaoh and her father Ra, the sun god against their enemy. Apep the serpent god of darkness, chaos and destruction. As Ra’s daughter she also held the title eye of Ra, lady of the flame
Later on in life Bast was known as Bastet, and depicted with a domestic cat head. This aspect of her was nurturing and gentle. And when the Greeks occupied Ancient Egypt, they associated Bastet as the Greek Goddess of the Moon Artemis -the roman goddess Diana.
Early on in life, Bast was a fierce lion headed goddess, protecting the pharaoh and her father sun god Ra. Legend has it, As the sun rose each day, Bast would ride with her father the powerful Sun god Ra through the sky. His boat pulling the Sun across the river Nile. And by Night, she fought his enemy Apep the serpent god.
As Ra’s daughter she was also known as the all Seeing Eye that thwarts evil. This title represents her warrior protector qualities and divine royal power, she is the female aspect of the powerful force linked to the fierce heat of the sun. She ensured the warmth of the sun continued to bless the fertile land with good crops and became known as the goddess of fertility.
As Bastet she became associated with childbirth, as mother cats give birth to many litters and lovingly care and fiercely defend their kittens. Women who wanted to become pregnant would wear amulets of Bast surrounded by her litter in the hope of becoming fertile.
Bastet is the Egyptian goddess of Health and healing warding off disease and evil spirits. Her name means “She of the ointment jar” which ties her in with healing and protective ointments. This also connects her to perfumes. Her son Nefertum, was an alchemist of beauty and perfumes.
Bastet always carried a rattle called a sistrum. These rattles were used to celebrate her festivals, usually celebrated in April and May. Bastet became linked to music, joy and dance.
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